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Lucanus cervus turcicus


Lucanus cervus ssp. turcicus Sturm, 1843
Antennal club of 6 segments and body very variable in its development (38-95 mm) with sometimes giant specimens male.

Concerning this taxon, Didier (Museum NHN of Paris, 1953: 27) wrote: "Semblable au L. cervus typique, mais les antennes portent six feuillets et la carene frontale est arrondie. Le turcicus peut etre considere comme une sous-espce de cervus avec trois varietes: akbesianus, laticornis et poujadei. C’etait l’opinion de Planet".
Baraud (1993: 62) wrote: "Cette sous-espece, decrite d’Anatolie, remplace la forme nominative dans la majeure partie des Balcans, a l’est de la Serbie Orientale (Miksic, 1970)".

On the basis of the material we collected during several entomological trips in Southeast Europe we consider turcicus as subspecies of Lucanus cervus distributed from Greece (Thessalie) to North Israel.

In Israel(*) is know from Golan Hights and Ramim Mountains, where small specimens were captured. In the past it was also collected from the Carmel Ridge.

In Lebanon is known from the quercus forest of Beit Ayoub and Fnaideq (Caza Bscharré), Qartaba and Ehmej (Caza Jbail) and Chira near Berhalioum(Caza Bziza).

The taxon akbesianus was described by Planet in 1896 (Le Naturaliste: 256) as a variety of Lucanus cervus, on a medium size specimen coming from Hatay. In 1897, Planet described one big specimen from Syria as Lucanus cervus var. turcicus form syriacus, which according to Didier (1953: 27) "Represente la forme majeure du akbesianus. C’est ce dernier nom qui a la priorite". We consider the taxon akbesianus Planet as only a mesodonte/telodonte form of Lucanus cervus ssp. turcicus male present in Turkey and North West Syria.