Coleoptera-Atlas.com

Lucanus fortunei

Beetles World No. 3, June 2009

Link: http://frankfiedler.com/wp-content/uploads/Beetles_World_03_agfavewfrasfasfawfsd.pdf

Comparison of the Lucanus fortunei group from Southeast-China.

Abstract: Some recently described new species of the genus Lucanus Scopoli, 1763 of the Lucanus fortunei group from the south eastern mainland of China are compared, discussed and some of the holotypes are pictured. A key is given to determine the species.

Key words: Coleoptera, Lucanidae, Lucanus fortunei, Lucanus kirchneri, Lucanus fortunei, Lucanus wuyishanensis, Lucanus fujianensis, Lucanus swinhoei continentalis, China.
In recent years there have been described some new species of the Lucanus fortunei group from the mainland of China. This are Lucanus klapperichi Bomans, 1989, Lucanus wuyishanensis Schenk, 1999, Lucanus kirchneri Zilioli, 1999, Lucanus swinhoei ssp. continentalis Zilioli 1999, Lucanus fujianensis Schenk, 2008.

Lucanus klapperichi Bomans, 1989 is a blackish brown species characterized by having a strong teeth about in the middle of the inner site of the mandibles and 4 - 5 irregular small teeth before and 2 - 3 in front of the strong teeth. The mandibles are not very much bending inside. The final forks of the mandibles are small. The lobes of the head are a little bit smaller than the front corners of the head.
Data of the Holotype: China, Fukien, Kuatun, 1946 Distribution: SE-China (Fujian, Guangdong, Hunan?)

Lucanus wuyishanensis Schenk, 1999 is a light brown species with a black suture and black sites of the elytra. Femora and tibiae are yellow-reddish with black links. The species is characterized by having a strong teeth about in the middle of the inner site of the mandibles and 3 - 5 irregular small teeth before and 4 - 5 in front of the strong teeth. The mandibles are strongly bending inside and downward. The final forks of the mandibles are large. The lobes of the head are much broader than the front corners of the head. The legs are very long compared to the size of the body. Only the Holotype and two Paratypes are known.
Huang (2006) stated that L. wuyishanensis is a junior synonym of L. klapperichi. But the before mentioned characteristics are clearly indicating that L. wuyishanensis is a separate species.
Data of the Holotype: China, Fujian, Guangzhi, Wuyi-Mt., 1400m (those collecting data are doubtful because Fujian and Guangxi are different provinces of China. Maybe the habitat of L. wuyishanensis is the most southern part of the Wuyishan mountain range).
Distribution: SE-China (Fujian?, Guangdong?)

Lucanus kirchneri Zilioli, 1999 is a brown species. The legs have reddish spots. The mandibles bear a strong tooth above the basis followed by 2 - 3 strong teeth in the apical half. The mandibles are a little bit more strongly bending inside near the basis of the mandibles. The lobes of the head are significantly less broad than the front corners of the head.
Data of the Holotype: China, Fujian, Wuyishan, 800m, 1996 Distribution: SE-China (Fujian)
 
Lucanus swinhoei continentalis Zilioli, 1998 is a light brown species. The legs have reddish spots. The mandibles bear a strong and long tooth near the basis followed by 7 - 8 small teeth in the apical part. The mandibles are regularly bending inside. The lobes of the head are somewhat smaller than the front corners of the head.
Data of the Holotype: China, Fujian, Tainshan
Distribution: SE-China (Fujian).

Lucanus fujianensis Schenk, 2008 is a light brown species. Femora and tibiae are yellow-reddish with black links. The species is characterized by having a strong tooth at the inner site of the mandibles near the basis followed by 3 - 5 small teeth. The mandibles are regularly bending inside. The lobes of the head are about as broad as the front corners of the head.
Data of the Holotype: China, Fujian
Distribution: SE-China (Fujian, Guangdong, Hunan?, Guangxi?)

Location: China
Max. size: 55mm
Collection: Capt. Philippe Bourdon